Saif Dahlah/AFP/Getty Images

Мир на Ближнем Востоке: шанс для Обамы

СТОКГОЛЬМ – В следующем году исполняется сто лет со дня Декларации Бальфура, заявления Великобритании, заложившего основу для создания Израиля в 1948 году и конфликта Израиля с палестинцами, а также с арабским миром в целом, продолжающегося по сей день.

У мировых лидеров, которые соберутся в Нью-Йорке на Генеральной Ассамблее ООН, вероятно, не будет времени, чтобы обсудить эту непреходящую политическую проблему. Но, несмотря на все другие – и, казалось бы, более крупные – проблемы Ближнего Востока, израильско-палестинский конфликт является ключевым вопросом, от которого зависит, наступят ли в будущем мир и процветание в этом регионе.

Конфликт – разрешенный или нет – поможет также понять, какое наследие президент США Барак Обама оставляет во внешней политике. В то время как второй срок Обамы приближается к концу, стоит напомнить, что, когда он пришел к власти в 2009 году, он искал сближения с мусульманским миром в целом. В своей исторической каирской речи в июне того же года он назвал положение палестинцев «нетерпимым» и пообещал продолжить – «со всем терпением и самоотверженностью, какие потребуются для этой задачи» – политику «двух государств, где как израильтяне, так и палестинцы живут в мире и безопасности».

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