Obama raul castro smiling Peruvian Presidency/Flickr

通过参与领导

华盛顿—在他的第一次就职演说中,美国总统奥巴马向全世界最封闭的国家发出了邀请。“我们将伸出我们的手,”他说,“如果你们愿意松开拳头。”这番话概括了他在第一个任期中所采取的“参与”外交政策——这一方针尽管存在一些缺陷,但优点也很多。

奥巴马拒绝了他的前任小布什的孤立“流氓国家”的政策,承认美国影响被孤立国家行为的唯一希望是直接参与到与它们的双边环境中。此外,作为双边战略的参与取得了令人惊讶的成功,带来了历史性的开放,首先是缅甸,现在是古巴,同时也推进了与伊朗的长期核协议

但是,从一开始,奥巴马政府就挑明,参与本身不是终点,而是实现诸多目标——包括双边和地区目标的方法。

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