Ядерные цели

ЛОС-АНДЖЕЛЕС - Ядерные объекты в качестве военных целей? Барабанный бой, кажется, приближается. Западные лидеры неоднократно заявляли, что они не исключают никакого варианта для того, чтобы сдержать ядерные амбиции Ирана. А в середине ноября Лондонская газета Sunday Times сообщила о том, что Израиль приводил систему обороны вокруг своего ядерного реактора в Димоне в “красную степень” боевой готовности 30 раз по мере того, как росло беспокойство о том, что Сирия будет мстить за сентябрьское нападение Израиля на заподозренный ядерный объект в Сирии.

Опасения Израиля отражают уникальную историю региона. Начиная со Второй мировой войны, удары с целью пресечь ядерную деятельность наносились исключительно на Ближнем Востоке: Иран (1980), Израиль (1981) и Соединенные Штаты (1991, 2003) атаковали Ирак, в то время как Ирак бомбил Иран (1984-87) и Израиль (1991). Но нападения никогда не приводили к существенным радиологическим последствиям, потому что заводы еще строились, содержали несущественное количество ядерного материала, убирали радиоактивные элементы до нападения или потому что нападавший не попадал в цель.

Однако, удачный удар по Димоне был бы другим делом. Так что, учитывая угрозу утечки радиоактивных продуктов, перевешивает ли продолжающаяся эксплуатация завода риски?

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