从核安全到核安保

华盛顿/莫斯科—四年前,一场灾难性海啸蹂躏了日本海岸。五十英尺高的巨浪击溃了福岛第一核电站的防波堤,破坏了发电能力,摧毁了冷却系统。

这场核事故是1986年切尔诺核电站爆炸以来最严重的事故。调查者认为,一个根本原因是自满:核电站的管理者认为他们的安全系统是鲁棒的,并且不存在有效的独立监督。

日本的灾难激发了核安全(nuclear safety)领域的改革。但在核安保(nuclear security)问题上,自满也是个大问题。我们决不能等到发生了悲剧之后才开始行动。

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