Abenomics Europese stijl

NEW YORK – Twee jaar geleden leidde de verkiezing van Shinzo Abe tot premier van Japan tot de komst van ‘Abenomics’, een driedelig plan om de economie uit een tredmolen van stagnatie en deflatie te redden. De drie componenten (of ‘pijlen’) van Abenomics bestaan uit: een massale monetaire stimulans in de vorm van kwantitatieve en kwalitatieve versoepeling (QQE), die onder meer bestaat uit meer krediet voor de privésector; een fiscale stimulans op de korte termijn, gevolgd door consolidatie om tekorten te verminderen en de staatsschuld houdbaar te maken; en structurele hervormingen om de kant van het aanbod en de potentiele groei te versterken.

Het lijkt er nu (afgaand op de recente Jackson Hole speech van de president van de Europese Centrale Bank Mario Draghi) op dat de ECB een zelfde plan in petto heeft voor de eurozone. Het eerste element van ‘Draghinomics’ is het versnellen van de structurele hervormingen die nodig zijn om de potentiele opbrengstgroei van de eurozone aan te jagen. De vooruitgang in zulke cruciale hervormingen is teleurstellend geweest, waarbij er meer inspanningen zijn verricht in sommige landen (bijvoorbeeld Ierland en Spanje) en minder in andere (Italië en Frankrijk om er maar twee te noemen).

Maar Draghi erkent nu dat het langzame, ongelijke en armoedige herstel van de eurozone niet alleen structurele problemen weerspiegelt, maar ook cyclische factoren die meer afhangen van de totale vraag dan van beperkingen van het totale aanbod. Dus zijn er ook maatregelen nodig om de vraag te vergroten.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now