David Cameron number10gov/Flickr

Хорошие люди, плохие суждения

НЬЮ-ЙОРК - Видкун Квислинг, фашистский лидер военного времени в Норвегии, чье имя стало синонимом сотрудничества с дьяволом, жил с женой на довольно грандиозной вилле за пределами Осло. Сейчас эта вилла является Норвежским Центром исследований Холокоста и религиозных меньшинств, блестящее преобразование запятнанного места.

В начале этого года, я посетил центр для увлекательной выставки о первой независимой норвежской конституции, провозглашенной в 1814 году. Это был удивительно просвещенный и прогрессивный документ, составленный учеными, погруженными в историю, законодательство и философию. Некоторые были экспертами по греческой классике, другие по древнему ивриту; все были увлечены чтением Канта и Вольтера.

Однако, существует, одна удивительная оговорка: Статья II провозглашает свободу религии в лютеранском государстве с оговоркой, которая была странной, даже в то время, “Евреям, по-прежнему, должен быть запрещен въезд в королевство”. Наполеон, побежденный в том же году, добился гражданских прав для евреев, в завоеванных им странах. И как раз, перед тем как оговорка норвежского закона вступила в силу, король Дании предоставил евреям гражданство в своем королевстве.

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