Anniversary of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Новая ядерная угроза

БЕРЛИН – Будучи человеком, родившимся в 1948 году, риск ядерной Третьей мировой войны был очень реальной частью моего детства. Эта угроза – или, по крайней мере, угроза уничтожения Восточной и Западной Германии – сохранялась до конца холодной войны и развала Советского Союза.

С тех пор, риск запуска Армагеддона сверхдержавами, обладающими ядерным оружием, значительно сократился, даже если он и не исчез полностью. Сегодня большая опасность состоит в том, что все большее число небольших стран, управляемых нестабильными или диктаторскими режимами, пытается приобрести ядерное оружие. Становясь ядерной державой, такие режимы могут обеспечить свое собственное выживание, продвигать свои местные или региональные геополитические интересы и даже преследовать экспансионистскую повестку дня.

В этой новой среде “рациональность сдерживания”, поддерживаемая Соединенными Штатами и Советским Союзом в период холодной войны, разрушилась. На сегодняшний день, в случае увеличения ядерного распространения, порог использования ядерного оружия, скорее всего, сократится.

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