北朝鲜的选择

纽约——当大韩民国在1948年刚刚成立的时候,它还是世界上最穷的国家之一。朝鲜战争结束后的1953年人均国内生产总值只有67美元,1960年也只上升到79美元。当时,北朝鲜的经济状况明显强于韩国。北方拥有丰富的自然资源,就连电力也是从北方输送到南方。北方拥有绝大部分工业,而南方则主要靠农业为生。

而今天,南方的国内生产总值却比北方高40倍。把两个朝鲜的经济放在一起比较几乎已经毫无意义。

这样的差距并非来自不同的历史经历,因为两个朝鲜几千年来一直是同一个国家。恰恰相反,这种差距反应了不久前的历史选择。

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