Kim Jong Un and soldiers STR/AFP/Getty Images

هل يكرر التاريخ النووي نفسه في كوريا؟

واشنطن، العاصمة ــ في الوقت الذي يشهد انعقاد أول قمة بين الرئيس الصيني شي جين بينج والرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترمب في عزبة ترمب الفاخرة مارالاجو، فسوف يركز جزء من المناقشة على الأقل بشكل ثابت على واحد من أكثر الأماكن فقرا في العالم: كوريا الشمالية. وعلى الرغم من أكثر من عشرين عاما من المفاوضات المتقطعة، يدفع برنامج الأسلحة النووية في كوريا الشمالية العالَم نحو خط استراتيجي فاصل أشبه كثيرا بذلك الذي واجهه الغرب قبل ستين عاما، عندما دخلت الولايات المتحدة والاتحاد السوفييتي في مواجهة مباشرة في أوروبا.

لقد نجحت الولايات المتحدة في التصدي لتحدي أوروبا في القرن العشرين دون الدخول في حرب. ولكن لتحقيق نجاح مماثل في شرق آسيا اليوم، يتعين على ترمب أن يقنع شي جين بينج بتبني سياسة مختلفة في التعامل مع كوريا الشمالية.

عندما تحولت الولايات المتحدة والاتحاد السوفييتي إلى خصمين بعد الحرب العالمية الثانية، كان لكل من الطرفين وسيلة لردع الآخر عن الهجوم. فكان الاتحاد السوفييتي يمتلك ميزة كبيرة ــ أو هكذا كان الاعتقاد السائد على نطاق واسع ــ في مجال القوات غير النووية، والتي كان بوسع الكرملين أن يستخدمها لغزو وقهر أوروبا الغربية. وكان بوسع الولايات المتحدة، بفضل احتكارها للأسلحة النووية، أن توجه ضربة نووية من أوروبا إلى قلب الاتحاد السوفييتي.

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