Military museum in Pyongyong with female guide.

Хельсинкский процесс для Кореи?

СЕУЛ – В августе Северная и Южная Корея едва избежали катастрофы военной конфронтации. После 40 часов напряженных переговоров Юг согласил прекратить вещание громкоговорителей в демилитаризованной зоне между двумя государствами. В обмен Север выразил «сожаление» по поводу гибели южнокорейских солдат, три недели ранее подорвавшихся на мине в этой зоне.

Во время этого кризиса Северная Корея демонстрировала привычную воинственность и использовала агрессивную риторику, но можно было заметить и несколько новых интересных нюансов. Их понимание могло бы способствовать появлению достаточных импульсов для начала (после семи с лишним лет конфронтации) реального межкорейского сотрудничества и позволило бы направить полуостров на путь более мирного и безопасного будущего.

Первой новостью стал более жесткий ответ южнокорейского руководства на провокации Севера. В 2010 году южнокорейское общество резко критиковало военных за неспособность немедленно отреагировать на уничтожение Севером военного корабля Южной Кореи «Чхонан», на борту которого находились более 100 человек экипажа, а также на артобстрел острова Ёнпхёндо в том же году. Напротив, после недавнего подрыва солдат на мине президент Пак Кын Хе упорно настаивала на своем требовании извинений от Севера, отрицавшего установку мин. Её рейтинг поддержки подскочил до 50% с примерно 34% месяцем ранее.

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