La course aux armements en Asie

Le test par la Corée du Nord d'un missile longue portée a peut-être échoué, mais cela ne suffira pas à apaiser l'inquiétude dans la région, car cela ne fait que confirmer ce qui est en cours, à savoir une course aux armements dans toute la région.

Le retour à la prospérité de l’Asie du Sud‑Est après la crise financière de 1997 a entraîné une hausse importante des achats d'armement dans toute la région. La plupart des pays sud‑asiatiques sont en effet très occupés à moderniser leurs armées. La majorité d'entre eux l’ont fait jusqu’à présent sans compromettre leur autonomie en matière de sécurité. Mais aujourd’hui, le renforcement militaire de la Chine soulève de nombreuses inquiétudes, et avec la Corée du Nord comme facteur permanent d'insécurité, beaucoup de gouvernements de la région se sont mis à collaborer avec des puissances extérieures.

C’est peut‑être le président indonésien Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono qui a pris le plus d’assurance. Il est non seulement devenu plus actif dans le domaine de la diplomatie mondiale, mais il va aussi rencontrer le président russe Vladimir Poutine à Moscou ce mois‑ci pour discuter de l’achat à la Russie de ses plus récents chasseurs. L’Indonésie veut former un escadron de défense aérienne composé de 12 jets, avec huit avions de combat russes pour compléter les deux Su‑27SK et Su‑30MKM russes qu’elle a déjà achetés.

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