Insulin external pump NCD BSIP/Getty Images

Jak se vypořádat s příští výzvou pro globální zdraví

CURYCH – Díky bezprecedentní mezinárodní spolupráci dosahuje svět působivých pokroků v boji proti malárii. Podle Světové zprávy o malárii za rok 2016, již právě zveřejnila Světová zdravotnická organizace, se úmrtnost v důsledku tohoto onemocnění u dětí ve věku do pěti let propadla od roku 2000 o 69 %.

Navíc se tento pokrok neomezuje na malárii. Nejedna země během téhož období snížila počet nových infekcí HIV o 50 % či víc a v posledních letech výrazně klesla incidence u dalších vysilujících tropických chorob, jako jsou lepra a drakunkulóza.

Avšak přestože úmrtnost na infekční nemoci klesá, sedavé způsoby života, konzumace tabáku a špatná strava typické pro vyspělé země se zabydlují v rozvojovém světě a znepokojivým tempem přibývá nepřenosných onemocnění, jako jsou diabetes, kardiovaskulární choroby a rakovina.

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