Кто убил телефон Nokia?

ХЕЛЬСИНКИ – В индустрии технологий, кажется, появился новый закон: лидирующие компании со временем теряют свои позиции, зачастую быстро и брутально. Чемпион мобильной связи, компания Nokia, когда-то служившая ярким примером успеха Европы в сфере технологий, не стала исключением: она потеряла свою долю рынка всего за несколько лет. Могут ли новые чемпионы отрасли – Apple и Google, не говоря уже о других титанах, избежать судьбы Nokia?

В 2007 году на долю Nokia приходилось более 40% всех продаж мобильных телефонов в мире. Но как раз тогда потребители начали отдавать предпочтение смартфонам с сенсорным экраном. В середине 2007 г. Apple выпустила iPhone, и доля рынка Nokia стала быстро сокращаться, а доходы компании падать. К концу 2013 года Nokia продала подразделение мобильных телефонов американской Microsoft.

Судьбу Nokia предопределила серия решений, принятых Стивеном Элопом, который в октябре 2010 года занял пост гендиректора компании. Судя по цифрам, это худший гендиректор в истории: во время его правления рыночная капитализация Nokia, в пересчете, ежедневно сокращалась на 18 млн евро ($23 млн).

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