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La mondialisation comme seule réponse possible

WASHINGTON, DC – Le référendum du Brexit au Royaume-Uni et la course à la présidence des États-Unis ont témoigné, entre autres choses, d'un manque de confiance croissant de la part de l'opinion publique à l'égard de l'intégration mondiale. Ce manque de confiance risque de faire avorter les nouveaux accords actuellement à l'étude et d'empêcher de contracter les prochains.

Il ne faut pas sous-estimer le danger d'un tel scénario. L'isolationnisme et le protectionnisme, s'ils sont poussés trop loin, risquent de mettre en panne le moteur économique fondé sur le commerce, auquel le monde doit des décennies de paix et de prospérité.

En tant qu'ancienne ministre du Costa Rica, je sais à quel point il peut être difficile pour certains pays, développés ou en voie de développement, d'élaborer des politiques commerciales à même de fournir des bénéfices à l'ensemble de leurs citoyens. Mais le simple fait que la gestion des effets de la mondialisation soit difficile ne signifie pas que nous devons baisser les bras et abandonner.

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