Pryč s atomem?

NEW YORK – Když nedávno část Japonska zpustošilo zemětřesení a následné cunami, zprávy o obětech na životech brzy zastínil celosvětový strach z radioaktivního spadu z jaderné elektrárny Fukušima Daiči. Obavy byly pochopitelné: radiace je skutečně děsivá. Vyrostl jsem v Dánsku v době, kdy tam byl strach z jaderné energie všudypřítomný.

Naše nynější jaderné znepokojení má ale obecnější důsledky, zejména pro nabídku energie a naši touhu po odklonu od závislosti na fosilních palivech. V době přírodní katastrofy je těžké udělat si odstup a získat širší rozhled; už jen se o to pokusit může v člověku vyvolávat pocit netaktnosti. Jsou tu ale jistá fakta, která bychom neměli přehlížet.

Během nepřetržitého zpravodajství o jaderném dramatu byl opakovaně vyvoláván strašák Černobylu. Je vhodné poznamenat, že tato nejhorší nukleární pohroma v dějinách přímo zapříčinila jen 31 úmrtí. Světová zdravotnická organizace odhaduje, že k černobylské katastrofě by se během 70 let mohlo vázat 4000 úmrtí, kdežto prognóza OECD pro totéž období pracuje s rozpětím 9000 až 33 tisíc úmrtí.

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