WTO Geneva Fabrice Coffrini/Getty Images

No hay que llorar por la muerte de los acuerdos comerciales

CAMBRIDGE – Las siete décadas que transcurrieron desde el fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial fueron una era de acuerdos comerciales. Las principales economías del mundo estuvieron en un estado perpetuo de negociaciones sobre comercio y concluyeron dos acuerdos multilaterales importantes a nivel global: el Acuerdo General sobre Aranceles y Comercio (GATT por su sigla en inglés) y el tratado que estableció la Organización Mundial de Comercio. Por otra parte, se firmaron más de 500 acuerdos comerciales bilaterales y regionales -la gran mayoría de ellos desde que la OMC reemplazó al GATT en 1995.

Las revueltas populistas de 2016 casi con certeza pondrán fin a esta actividad frenética de firma de acuerdos. Si bien los países en desarrollo pueden aspirar a implementar acuerdos comerciales  más pequeños, los dos principales acuerdos sobre la mesa, el Acuerdo Transpacífico de Cooperación Económica (TPP por su sigla en inglés) y la Asociación Transatlántica para el Comercio y la Inversión (ATCI), están prácticamente muertos luego de la elección de Donald Trump como presidente de Estados Unidos.

No deberíamos lamentar su muerte.

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