Highway billboard of Bashar al-Assad in Syria. sarahchats/Flickr

Тупик имени Асада

ПАРИЖ – Забудьте о принципах и морали. Забудьте, или попытайтесь забыть, про четверть миллиона смертей, ответственность за которые прямо или косвенно несет Башар аль-Асад, решивший насилием ответить на мирный протест сирийского народа. Проигнорируйте тот факт, что на сегодня армия Асада убила в 10-15 раз больше гражданских лиц, чем Исламское государство, чьи жуткие видео с казнями затмили тайные массовые убийства, совершенные сирийским диктатором. Но даже если вы способны изгнать из головы все эти мысли, политика в отношении Сирии, позиционирующая Асада как «альтернативу» Исламскому государства, является просто не жизнеспособной.

Именно Асад в буквальном смысле спустил с цепи дикое Исламское государство: в мае 2011 года он освободил сотни исламских радикалов из тюрьмы, обеспечив эту новорожденную группировку боевиками и лидерами. Затем он методично бомбил позиции умеренных повстанцев, столь же методично щадя опорную базу Исламского государства в Ракке. А затем, в середине 2014 года, он позволил иракским боевикам Исламского государства найти убежище в восточной Сирии.

Иными словами, Асад создал монстра, с которым он сейчас якобы борется. Это не слишком для потенциального союзника? Может ли сотрудничество с Асадом стать надёжным фундаментом для действий, которые, как предполагается, должны быть коллективными?

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