Возрождение нефтяной дипломатии Нигерии

Россия – не единственная страна, использующая нефть как средство для изменения своего положения на мировой арене. Сегодня президент Умар Ярадуа, пришедший к власти в 2007 году после победы на выборах со спорными результатами, говорит о превращении страны в одну из 20 крупнейших в мире экономик к 2020 году. Ярадуа и его Народная демократическая партия (НДП) стараются установить свою власть над большой и неспокойной страной со 140-милионным населением, и правительство видит быстрый рост как средство для достижения этой цели.  

У нигерийцев все еще есть какая-то надежда. Олусегун Обасаньо, ставший первым избранным президентом Нигерии в 1999 году после почти двух десятилетий военной диктатуры, оставил огромные территории страны в нищете, передав в прошлом году власть Ярадуа. При ценах на нефть, достигающих $100 за баррель, и жадных до энергоносителей гигантах, таких как США и Китай, стучащихся в дверь Нигерии, главная нефтедобывающая страна Африки хочет использовать нефтедоллары для решения экономических проблем страны и обретения большего влияния на международной арене.   

На пике последнего нефтяного бума в конце 1970-х годов военные лидеры Нигерии национализировали активы «British Petroleum» и стали поборниками панафриканского сотрудничества, финансируя несколько освободительных движений в Африке. Интересы Нигерии и Запада часто приходили в столкновение, но Нигерия всегда отстаивала свои позиции.

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