Dean Rohrer

Nigeria va avanzando despacio para consolidarse como nación

ABUJA – A los nigerianos les gusta el teatro político, en particular si es estridente, pintoresco y tiene un reparto con abundancia de personajes “buenos” y “malos”. Semejante melodrama ha abundado desde noviembre de 2009, cuando un enfermo Presidente Umaru Yar’Adua fue trasladado por vía aérea al extranjero para recibir tratamiento hasta justo después de las recién concluidas elecciones generales, las cuartas desde el fin del gobierno militar en 1999. Según los resultados oficiales, Goodluck Jonathan, quien sucedió a Yar’Adua a su muerte y pasó a ser el candidato del Partido Popular Democrático (PPD), juró su cargo de Presidente el 29 de mayo.

Jonathan era el más inverosímil de los candidatos en la implacable partida del poder presidencial de Nigeria. Pertenece a la minoría étnica ijaw del Sur-Sur, una de las seis regiones políticas de Nigeria, mientras que, históricamente, el país ha estado gobernado por los tres grupos étnicos mayores –los hausa-fulani, pertenecientes principalmente al Noroeste y al Nordeste, los igbos del Sudeste y los yorubas del Sudoeste. Unas complejas negociaciones étnicas habían hecho de Jonathan el compañero de candidatura de Yar’Adua en las fraudulentas elecciones de 2007.

Jonathan entró en la campaña electoral luchando contra poderosos políticos conservadores norteños que insistían en que, conforme al acuerdo oficioso del PPD para que se turnaran en el poder el Norte y el Sur, su región tenía derecho a ocupar el poder durante cinco años más. Al fin y al cabo, según sostenían, Olusegun Obasanjo, predecesor de Yar’Adua y procedente del Sur, mayoritoriamente cristiano, había ejercido el poder presidencial durante ocho años ininterrumpidos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Rp6fpEr/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now