Год новый, кризис старый

ДАВОС. Меры, введенные Европейским центральным банком в декабре прошлого года, особенно Операция долгосрочного рефинансирования (LTRO), позволили разобраться с проблемами ликвидности европейских банков, но не вылечили недостаток финансирования государств-членов с высокой задолженностью. До тех пор пока очень рискованные премии на государственные облигации ставят под угрозу достаточность капитала банков, половинного решения недостаточно.

Действительно, это предполагаемое решение оставляет половину еврозоны, низведенной до статуса стран третьего мира, имеющих высокую задолженность в иностранной валюте. Почему-то вместо Международного валютного фонда Германия выступает в качестве надсмотрщика, устанавливая в них жесткую финансовую дисциплину. Это создаст как экономическую, так и политическую напряженность, которая может уничтожить Европейский Союз.

Я предложил план, который позволил бы Италии и Испании рефинансировать свои долги за счет выпуска казначейских векселей с доходностью на уровне около 1%. Я назвал его в память моего друга Томазо Падоа-Скиоппа, который, будучи одним из главных итальянских банкиров в 1990-х годах, способствовал стабилизации финансов этой страны. План является достаточно сложным, но юридически и технически обоснованным. Я подробно описываю его в моей новой книге «Финансовая неразбериха в Европе и Соединенных Штатах».

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