Chris Van Es

إذا عانى الأطفال تدفع البلاد الثمن من مستقبلها

نيويورك ــ إن الأطفال هم المورد الأكثر حيوية وأهمية بالنسبة لأي بلد. وهذا لا يصدق على المستوى الأخلاقي فحسب، بل وأيضاً على المستوى الاقتصادي. فالاستثمار في صحة وتعليم وتنمية مهارات الأطفال يعود على أي دولة بأعلى العائدات الاقتصادية. وتكشف دراسة حديثة أجرتها منظمة اليونيسيف (صندوق الأمم المتحدة للطفولة) عن الدول ذات الدخل المرتفع التي كان أداؤها طيباً في ما يتعلق بتنفيذ مثل هذه الاستثمارات ــ وأيها كان أداؤها رديئا.

يلقي التقرير الصادر بعنوان رفاهة الأطفال في الدول الغنية نظرة شاملة على الظروف التي يعيشها الأطفال في الويلات المتحدة وكندا وأوروبا ــ 29 دولة في الإجمال. وجاءت الدول التي تتبنى الديمقراطية الاجتماعية في أوروبا الغربية الأعلى ترتيباً على القائمة. وتصدرت هولندا القائمة، وتلتها النرويج، وأيسلندا، وفنلندا، والسويد، وألمانيا.

وعند مؤخرة القائمة نجد مفاجأة كبرى: فقد احتلت الولايات المتحدة، الدولة صاحبة أضخم اقتصاد على مستوى العالم، المرتبة السادسة والعشرين، وتلتها ثلاث دول أكثر فقرا: ليتوانيا، ولاتفيا، وفرنسا. أما ترتيب فرنسا والمملكة المتحدة فكان في منتصف القائمة.

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