Stroj na léčbu

VIRGINIA BEACH – Nobelova cena za medicínu byla loni udělena za objev, který trval 44 let a pracovaly na něm dva různé výzkumné týmy. Tento revoluční objev slibuje nové druhy diagnózy a terapie, ale co kdyby k podobným průlomům dokázaly počítače dospívat nikoliv za desítky let, nýbrž za jednotky minut? Nedávný výskyt nového koronaviru, který ve Velké Británii a na Blízkém východě zabil devět lidí, nám připomíná, že novátorskou léčbu je někdy zapotřebí vyvinout urychleně.

Při různých modelovacích abstrakcích by snad bylo možné sestrojit systém umělé inteligence (AI), který by dokázal vyvíjet nové léčebné postupy. Tento systém by navrhoval překvapivé a účinné terapie, protože by chápal onemocnění způsoby, které jsou pro lidi těžko představitelné. Na první pohled vypadá tato idea jako science fiction: každý přece ví, že umělá inteligence není nijak chytrá.

K tomu, aby „stroj na léčbu“ tohoto typu vůbec mohl vzniknout, je zapotřebí nejméně jedna dalekosáhlá inovace: lepší způsob modelování celých systémů, který by poskytl nové koncepční nástroje biologii i počítačovým technologiím.

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