Новая надежда на решение проблемы изменения климата

Мир сделал важный шаг по направлению к контролю над изменением климата, достигнув согласия по Балийскому плану действий во время состоявшихся недавно глобальных переговоров в Индонезии. Может быть план и не кажется таким уж большим достижением, поскольку он обязывает мир к проведению дальнейших переговоров, а не конкретным действиям, но я настроен оптимистично по трем причинам.

Во-первых, страны мира продемонстрировали единство, заставившее Соединенные Штаты положить конец своему упорству. Во-вторых, план содержит разумный баланс мнений. И, в-третьих, существуют реалистичные решения, которые позволят миру совместить экономическое развитие и контроль над выбросом парниковых газов.

Первым шагом во время переговоров на Бали было найти выход из тупика, ослабившего реакцию мира на изменение климата со времени подписания Киотского протокола десять лет назад. На этот раз мир объединился, даже выразив громкое недовольство в адрес главного представителя США на переговорах, пока она круто не изменила свою позицию и не согласилась подписать Балийский план действий. Точно также, нежелание крупных развивающихся стран, таких как Китай и Индия, одобрить этот план также, похоже, подходит к концу, хотя, конечно, еще придется приложить значительные усилия для того, чтобы выработать глобальное соглашение, приемлемое как для богатых, так и для бедных стран.

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