气候变化中的新希望

本月早些时候,世界各国在印尼举行的全球谈判中达成巴厘行动规划,从而在控制气候变化的道路上迈出了重要一步。这一规划貌不惊人,因为它基本上只是让各国承诺进行更多的会谈而非确实的行动。但是出于三点原因我持乐观态度。

首先,各国团结一致迫使美国结束了其顽固立场。第二,路线图标志着各方考虑的有意义的平衡。而且第三,现实的解决方案是可能的。这些方案将会让世界各国把经济发展和控制温室气体结合起来。

巴厘会议采取的第一个步骤就是打破十年前京都议定书签署以来破坏各国对气候变化做出反应的僵局。这一次世界团结一致,甚至给美国首席谈判代表起哄,直到她转变立场同意签署巴厘行动规划。同样,尽管为达成一项富国和穷国都可以接受的全球性协议还任重而道远,但是包括中国和印度在内的主要发展中国家似乎也不再不愿同意一项规划。

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