محركات جديدة خضراء للنمو

فرانكفورت ـ أصدر الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بان كي مون للتو التقرير النهائي للمجموعة الاستشارية العالية المستوى المعنية بتمويل تدابير مواجهة تغير المناخ. وباعتبارنا العضوين المنتميين إلى القطاع الخاص في المجموعة الاستشارية للتمويل فنحن فخوران بعملنا. فالتقرير يحدد الخيارات المتاحة لجمع مائة مليار دولار سنوياً لتمويل جهود التكيف وتخفيف التأثيرات المترتبة على تغير المناخ في البلدان النامية، ويضع الشروط التي من شأنها أن تجعل من الممكن تحقيق هذا الهدف بحلول عام 2020.

ومن بين الشروط الأساسية لتحقيق هذه الغاية تحديد سعر للكربون بواقع 25 دولاراً عن كل طن من ثاني أكسيد الكربون بهدف إطلاق العنان لاستثمارات القطاع الخاص الضخمة التي تشكل ضرورة أساسية لتمويل التحول إلى الاقتصاد المنخفض الكربون. ولكن من المقلق رغم ذلك أن الإرادة السياسية اللازمة لتسعير الكربون غير متوفرة.

إن العالم لا يستطيع الانتظار حتى عام 2020 للعثور على الحل اللازم: ففي حين تتعثر المفاوضات الدولية ويتلاشى الزخم الذي تولد في القطاع الخاص، فإن الانحباس الحراري العالمي يتفاقم. وهناك حاجة ملحة لبدء تقديم نتائج ملموسة الآن، استناداً إلى العديد من المبادرات الواعدة التي تستحق الاهتمام والترقية.

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