Development financing Florian F./Flickr

新模式发展金融

华盛顿—中国成功地成立了亚洲基础设施投资银行,这被广泛认为是美国的一次外交惨败。美国总统奥巴马政府试图劝说所有美国盟友不要加入亚投行,但西欧国家在英国的领导下集体倒戈,澳大利亚和韩国随后也加入了亚投行。

更糟糕的是,奥巴马政府发现,由于美国自身无法兑现增加中国和其他主要新兴经济体在国际货币基金组织(IMF)管理事务上的话语权的承诺,现在不得不竭力阻止中国成立一家新的地区金融机构。奥巴马政府提出欧洲国家减少在IMF董事会的代表权,并将中国的投票比例从3.65%增加到6.07%,但这无法赢得美国国会的支持。奥巴马再一次发现,国内政治瘫痪让他在国外举步维艰。

从地缘政治角度看,中国的亚投行计划是一次成功的豪赌,新美国安全中心(Center for a New American Security)高级研究员艾利·拉特纳(Ely Ratner)称之为 “对全球治理的机构竞赛现在正式开始了。”中国将控制亚投行(初始资本10亿美元)一半的投票权。除非西方二战战胜国可以跟新作为战后国际秩序基础的规则和机构,否则它们将进入一个多种地区秩序甚至多个多边机构相互竞争的时代。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/YvmA0fS/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now