young Sanders supporters Andrew Burton | getty images

Новый разрыв поколений

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – На обоих берегах Атлантики наблюдается весьма интересное новшество в структуре электората: молодёжь голосует совсем не так, как старшее поколение. Существенную разницу в электоральных предпочтениях теперь определяют не столько уровень доходов и образования или гендерные различия, сколько принадлежность избирателей к тому или иному поколению.

Есть весомые причины для появления этой разницы. Старое и молодое поколение живут сегодня по-разному. Их прошлое также различно, равно как и перспективы на будущее.

К примеру, когда завершилась Холодная война, многие юные избиратели ещё не родились, а другие были детьми. Некоторые слова, например социализм, теперь не имеют тех значений, которые у них когда-то были. Если социализм означает создание общества, где коллективные проблемы не игнорируются, и где люди заботятся о других людях и окружающей среде, в которой они живут, то в чём с ним проблема? Да, возможно, четверть века или полстолетия назад под рубрикой социализма проводились неудачные эксперименты; но эксперименты сегодняшнего дня не имеют с этим прошлым опытом никакого сходства. Иными словами, неудача экспериментов прошлого не позволяет делать выводов о новых попытках.

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