parthenon Robert Wallace/Flickr

Новое начало для Греции – и Европы

КИЛЬ – Греция срочно нуждается в ясном мышлении. Единственной причиной, что страна пока еще не объявила дефолт по своим долгам, является то, что Европейский Центральный Банк продолжает предоставлять средства Греческому центральному банку через программу экстренного предоставления ликвидности (Emergency Liquidity Assistance, ELA). Греческий центральный банк, в свою очередь, одалживает деньги коммерческим банкам страны, которые предоставляют их греческим гражданам и иностранным кредиторам. Проблема в том, что обе группы заемщиков переводили крупные суммы денег в другие страны.

Результатом является то, что овердрафт по кредитам Греческого центрального банка в последние месяцы вырос почти на €1 млрд. в день. Если Греция объявит дефолт и покинет еврозону, эти овердрафты не будут погашены.

Финансирование ELA предполагает, что греческая экономика временно неликвидна, но не неплатежеспособна. Это предположение является заведомо ложным. Несмотря на все страдания, перенесенные Грецией - 30% падение совокупного спроса с момента последнего циклического пика и рост безработицы более чем на 25% от общей рабочей силы - греческая экономика, по-прежнему, далеко недостаточно конкурентоспособна, чтобы погасить свои долги.

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