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Привлечение женщин к борьбе за здоровье в Африке

БРАЗЗАВИЛЬ – Запущенные тропические болезни (ЗТБ) непропорционально широко поражают женщин и девушек. Один только шистосоматоз женских половых органов (FGS), вызывающий сильные боли, кровотечения и патологические изменения, поражает более чем 16 миллионов женщин и девушек в Африке к югу от пустыни Сахары.

Помимо широкого распространения физических страданий ЗТБ оказывают тяжелое долгосрочное социально-экономическое влияние на жизнь миллионов женщин и девушек. Женщин, которые были травмированы или изуродованы такими болезнями, как FGS и лимфатический филяриатоз, часто позорят до такой степени, что они не могут выйти замуж или же их бросают собственные мужья. И хотя позор и социальное клеймо не смертельны, они могут вызвать или усилить психологические расстройства и ограничить те возможности, которые имеют женщины и девушки.

С 2000 года было бесплатно передано достаточное количество фармацевтических препаратов для проведения пяти миллиардов прививок против ЗТБ. И многие люди теперь признают, что контроль, а в конечном счете и устранение ЗТБ будет важнейшим способом для достижения Целей устойчивого развития (ЦУР), которые связаны с такими разнообразными областями, как питание, образование, здоровье, вода, санитария, гигиена и экономический рост. Поскольку ЦУР основаны на принципе «не оставлять без внимания ни одного человека», их нельзя считать успешно выполненными, пока они не будут достигнуты повсеместно и для всех людей – включая женщин и девушек.

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