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被忽略的结核病危机解决方案

波士顿/日内瓦——在这个技术飞速创新的时代,仅今年一年就将有近200万人死于肺结核,因为他们太穷而无法接受医治,这种现象是非常可耻的。事实上,结核病继续夺走生命的原因非常简单:那就是人们的冷漠态度。

这样的冷漠源于一种致命的错觉,那就是结核病属于过去——即使2016年有 1,040万人罹患结核病,这样的幻觉依然存在着。结核病患者往往无力吸引世界的关注。虽然这种疾病可以袭击任何人,但多数情况下身处难民营、贫民窟和监狱等地的边缘化及弱势群体是其主要受害者。

另外一种错觉是我们有充足的治疗方法来应对结核病,即使其持续发生变异。但多重耐药型结核病实际是一种严重的威胁。它有时被称为“长翅膀的埃博拉”:虽然这两种病原体拥有相似的死亡率,但多重耐药型结核病通过空气传播,因此传播起来更加轻松。对多重耐药型结核病的现有治疗包括由多种有毒药物组成的治疗方案——有些需要在长达两年的时间里每天注射令人痛苦的药物。

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