La différence entre les besoins et l’avidité

NEW YORK – Le guide spirituel de l’Inde, le mahatma Gandhi, a dit autrefois qu’il y a assez de tout dans le monde pour satisfaire aux besoins de l’homme, mais pas assez pour assouvir son avidité. Sa clairvoyance est plus que jamais d’actualité.

L’utilisation des ressources mondiales a aujourd’hui atteint ses limites. Nous en ressentons les effets chaque jour, avec des inondations, des sécheresses et des tempêtes catastrophiques – et par la flambée des prix des matières premières sur les marchés. Notre destin sera forgé soit par notre capacité à coopérer, soit par le choix d’une cupidité autodestructrice.

Les limites imposées à l’économie mondiale sont récentes, liées à la taille sans précédent de la population mondiale et à la propagation d’une croissance économique également sans précédent à l’ensemble de la planète. La Terre abrite aujourd’hui sept milliards d’individus, contre trois milliards il y a un demi siècle. Le revenu par tête moyen s’élève à 10.000 dollars par an, avec une moyenne de 40.000 dollars pour les pays riches et de 4000 dollars environ pour les pays en développement. Cela signifie que le PIB mondial avoisinait les 70.000 milliards de dollars en 2010, contre 10.000 milliards en 1960.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/4fizQEA/fr;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.