Globe facing Iran and Asia

La globalización y los nacionalismos europeos

MADRID – Uno de los grandes riesgos a los que se enfrenta la Unión Europea es su nostalgia del pasado. Tanto en el este como en el oeste se pretende afrontar los grandes problemas de hoy con soluciones de ayer y son muchos los países que cargan con el lastre del nacionalismo, avivado por distintos motivos.

En los países de Europa occidental el declive del sentimiento europeo es, principalmente, una reacción a la crisis económica que nos ha golpeado duramente en los últimos años. Aunque ya existieran partidos políticos y movimientos contrarios o muy críticos con la UE, ha sido a raíz de la crisis cuando han visto crecer su apoyo de manera alarmante.

En algunos sectores de la sociedad europea se ha extendido un sentimiento de decepción, al que también han contribuido algunas de las políticas orientadas a la recuperación. Se confiaba en que el proyecto de integración europea sería una relación “win-win”, por la que todos –países y ciudadanos– resultaríamos ganadores. Los países que se incorporaban recibían ayudas y los que ya eran miembros contaban con un nuevo mercado. Sin embargo, la crisis ha desdibujado esa imagen. Los niveles de desempleo, especialmente los de desempleo juvenil, y la brecha social en los países más golpeados por la crisis han hecho surgir el desencanto. En aquellos que han sufrido menos, se siente que la solidaridad europea ha supuesto un lastre para su economía.

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