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民族主义,移民与经济成就

发自剑桥——增长放缓已经成为了世界发达经济体面临的主要挑战之一。过去十年中发达经济体的增长率平均为1.2%,低于过去25年3.1%的平均值。

历史经验表明,经济增长放缓可能会使社会变得不那么慷慨宽容,也会降低其包容性。因此有理由表明正是过去十年的增长低迷导致了席卷多国的破坏型民粹民族主义不断激增。

正如二十世纪那最为黑暗的几十年那样,今天的民族主义采取的形式是对移民的强力反对,以及——在较小程度上——对自由贸易的抵制。更糟糕的是,眼下这种毒害性的民族主义将进一步加剧推动其崛起的经济放缓。

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