Dean Rohrer

Tomaten für Gerechtigkeit

NEW YORK – Der letzte Fastfood-Hamburger, den Sie gegessen haben, hat wahrscheinlich fast nichts gekostet. Aber was hat die Tomatenscheibe auf dem Burger den Arbeiter gekostet, der sie dort hingelegt hat? Fast überall in der Welt – auch in den USA – können diese Kosten schockierend hoch sein.

Extrem niedrige Löhne sind nur der Anfang. In Florida verdienen Tomatenpflücker durchschnittlich nur einen halben Dollar für einen Eimer mit einem Füllgewicht von 14,5 Kilogramm. Ein Pflücker, der den ganzen Tag arbeitet – eine Knochenarbeit, die vor dem Morgengrauen beginnt – kann von Glück sagen, wenn er 10.500 Dollar im Jahr verdient, womit er unterhalb der Armutsgrenze liegt.

Dann wären die alarmierenden Menschenrechtsverletzungen zu nennen. In Mexiko haben die Behörden vor kurzem fast 300 Menschen, darunter 39 Teenager, befreit, die unter sklavenähnlichen Bedingungen „in einem Lager gehalten wurden, in dem Tomaten sortiert und für den Export verpackt wurden“. Die US-Bundesbehörden nennen Floridas Tomatenplantagen „den Ground Zero für moderne Sklaverei“. Die Misshandlungen von Landarbeitern durch die Interessen der Agrarwirtschaft dort sind gravierend und systematisch.

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