Heavily Polluted Air of Birmingham Wikimedia Commons

Углеродные гиганты и климатическое правосудие

БОНН – Инновационное исследование, результаты которого были опубликованы в ноябре прошлого года, показало, что деятельность всего лишь 90 производителей угля, нефти и газа, а также цемента – которых окрестили «углеродными гигантами» ‑ привела к 63% всех выбросов CO2 с момента начала промышленной революции.

Доклад был опубликован всего через пару недель после того, как тайфун Хайянь (который мы знаем под именем Иоланда) прошел через город Таклобан и его окрестности на Филиппинах. Из-за своей беспрецедентной скорости ветра в 315 километров (196 миль) в час, шторм убил 6300 и оставил бездомными четыре миллиона человек и нанес ущерб на сумму, превышающую 2 миллиарда долларов.

Хайянь и его опустошения стали призывом к сплочению для делегатов на состоявшейся за ним Конференции по изменению климата ООН в Варшаве. В ответ они договорились о создании международного механизма для разрешения «потерь и ущербов», связанных с изменением климата, который будет применяться в странах, которые не в состоянии адаптироваться или защитить себя от наихудших последствий глобального потепления.

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