Heavily Polluted Air of Birmingham Wikimedia Commons

Le major del carbonio e la giustizia del clima

BONN – Uno studio innovativo pubblicato a novembre del 2013 ha rivelato che le attività di appena 90 produttori di carbone, petrolio e gas, e cemento – battezzate le “major del carbonio” – hanno causato il 63% di tutte le emissioni di CO2 dalla Rivoluzione industriale.

Il report è stato rilasciato qualche settimana dopo che il tifone Haiyan (o Yolanda – così è noto localmente) si è abbattuto sulla regione Tacloban nelle Filippine. Con una velocità di vento senza precedenti pari a 315 chilometri all’ora, la tempesta ha ucciso 6.300 persone, lasciandone quattro milioni senza casa e causando oltre 2 miliardi di dollari di danni.

Haiyan e la sua furia devastante si sono trasformati in un appello accorato ai delegati della successiva Conferenza delle Nazioni Unite sui cambiamenti climatici apertasi a Varsavia. Che hanno raggiunto un accordo per stabilire un meccanismo internazionale destinato ad affrontare “perdite e danni” correlati ai cambiamenti climatici, e che deve essere applicato nei Paesi che non sono in grado di adattarsi o di proteggersi dai peggiori effetti del riscaldamento globale.

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