Mis previsiones para 2009

DAVOS –  El futuro de la economía mundial dependerá en gran medida de que el Presidente Barack Obama emprenda un conjunto de medidas exhaustivas y coherentes y del éxito que tenga al aplicarlas. La forma en que respondan los chinos, los europeos y otros actores principales será igual de importante. Si hay una buena cooperación internacional, la economía mundial podría empezar a salir de un agujero muy profundo hacia finales de 2009. Si no, nos enfrentaremos a un período mucho más largo de desorden y deterioro económico y político.

No hay manera de restablecer el equilibrio económico de un solo golpe. Primero hay que inyectar dinero a la economía para compensar el colapso del crédito. Después, cuando el crédito comience a fluir de nuevo, habrá que drenar la liquidez del sistema casi al mismo ritmo que se haya inyectado. Esta segunda operación será política y técnicamente más difícil que la primera: es mucho más fácil dar dinero que retirarlo. Es muy importante que los paquetes de estímulos se canalicen a inversiones relativamente productivas. El rescate de la industria automotriz debe ser la excepción, no la regla.

El dólar

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