mullah walking Eric Lafforgue/Art in All of Us/Getty Images

Model Pembangunan Yang Dipimpin Oleh Mullah

ISLAMABAD – Sebuah perdebatan ekonomi yang sudah berlangsung sejak lama – dan terjadi secara luas dikalangan para peneliti – berpusat pada cara terbaik untuk menyampaikan bantuan internasional ke negara-negara berkembang. Haruskah pemerintah negara-negara ini bergantung pada kebijakan top-down dari negara donor? Atau haruskan mereka fokus pada memberikan dana untuk solusi bottom-up yang didikte oleh negara penerima bantuan?

Pada saat pemerintahan Trump mengajukan pemotongan anggaran Departemen Luar Negeri dan mengurangi anggaran berbagai Badan Pemerintahan Amerika yang dialokasikan untuk negara-negara yang paling miskin, maka perdebatan ini menjadi lebih penting. Dan tanggapan dari negara-negara Islam yang merupakan penerima dana bantuan dari Amerika selama beberapa tahun belakangan ini bisa memberikan pembelajaran yang penting untuk merancang cara terbaik yang bisa digunakan di masa depan.

Sederhananya, pendekatan yang digunakan oleh negara-negara barat saat ini tidak berhasil. Dan hal ini terlihat paling jelas di negara Saya, yaitu Pakistan. Meskipun terdapat kenaikan besar dalam hal jumlah dana bantuan dalam beberapa tahun terakhir ini, termasuk dana bantuan senilai milyaran dollar yang disetujui oleh Presiden Barack Obama, banyak diantara kami di Pakistan yang secara garis besar tidak merasakan manfaat dari hal ini. Terdapat sekitar 70 kantor dana bantuan yang berbeda dan 40 LSM internasional yang terlibat dalam memberikan dana bantuan pada rakyat Pakistan. Namun keputusan mengenai bagaimana penerima dana bantuan menggunakan dana yang mereka terima dibuat oleh negara donor.

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