Muslim architecture

Hacia una nueva era dorada islámica

SHARJAH – Los aportes pasados del mundo musulmán a la ciencia y a la educación fueron extraordinarios. La "era dorada" islámica -durante la cual la erudición y el aprendizaje florecieron en todo el mundo musulmán- duró muchos siglos e incluyó la creación de las primeras universidades del mundo. Hoy, sin embargo, los países de mayoría musulmana están muy rezagados respecto del resto del mundo en términos de educación e investigación. Esto debe cambiar si la región quiere ofrecer empleos modernos y una vida mejor a su población próspera y estar a la altura del desarrollo global.

Tal como están las cosas, sólo una universidad del mundo musulmán -la Universidad Técnica de Medio Oriente de Turquía- está entre las principales 100 en un ranking internacional, y alrededor de una docena solamente se encuentra entre las principales 400 instituciones en otras listas. Si bien no existen pruebas internacionales estandarizadas en ciencia y matemáticas a nivel universitario, estudiantes de cuarto, octavo y décimo grado en el mundo musulmán tienen resultados por debajo del promedio global en estos temas, según las Tendencias en el Estudio Internacional de Matemáticas y Ciencia y el Programa Internacional de Evaluación de los Alumnos. Y la brecha respecto de los alumnos en otras partes se está ampliando.

Es más, los resultados de la investigación -medidos en términos de publicaciones y menciones en revistas internacionales, así como de patentes- son desproporcionadamente bajos en relación a la población y las capacidades financieras. Los países musulmanes, en promedio, gastan sólo 0,5% aproximadamente de su PIB en investigación y desarrollo, comparado con el promedio global de 1,78% y el promedio de la OCDE de más del 2%. La cantidad de gente que trabaja en el campo de la ciencia en el mundo musulmán también está muy por debajo del promedio global. 

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