Cómo ingeniárselas para evitar la caída libre

NUEVA YORK – La derrota en la elección senatorial de Massachussets ha privado a los demócratas de Estados Unidos de 60 votos necesarios para sancionar la reforma sanitaria y otra legislación, y ha cambiado la política norteamericana -al menos por el momento-. Pero, ¿qué nos dice ese voto sobre los votantes y la economía de Estados Unidos?

No anuncia un giro hacia la derecha, como sugieren algunos expertos. Más bien, el mensaje que envía es el mismo que enviaron quienes votaron al presidente Bill Clinton hace 17 años: "¡Es la economía, estúpido!" y "Empleos, empleos, empleos". De hecho, en el lado opuesto de Massachussets en Estados Unidos, los votantes de Oregon aprobaron un referendo en respaldo de un aumento de los impuestos.

La economía estadounidense está pasando por un trance difícil -a pesar de que se ha reanudado el crecimiento y de que los banqueros vuelven a recibir sobresueldos gigantescos-. A más de uno de cada seis norteamericanos le gustaría un empleo de tiempo completo que no puede conseguir; mientras que el 40% de los desempleados ha estado sin trabajo durante más de seis meses.

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