Apu Gomes/Getty Images

Bisogna liberarsi delle zanzare killer

SINGAPORE – Le zanzare saranno anche minuscole, ma la puntura di zanzara è davvero potente. Diffondono una serie di malattie – quali chikungunya, dengue, malaria, febbre gialla, febbre del Nilo occidentale e virus Zika – che insieme uccidono milioni di persone l’anno. Solo la malaria è tra le principali malattie infettive al mondo per mortalità (dietro solo alla tubercolosi e all’AIDS), responsabile di 429.000 morti nel 2015. Considerando l’estensione e l’entità del problema, urge un’azione più forte che possa eliminare le zanzare – e le malattie che esse trasmettono.

L’Organizzazione mondiale della Sanità classifica le zanzare tra le maggiori minacce per la salute pubblica, soprattutto nei paesi in via di sviluppo. Come illustrava un grafico sul blog di Bill Gates lo scorso anno, le zanzare sono responsabili di 830.000 vite umane l’anno – 250.000 in più rispetto alle morti causate da noi umani.

Oltre al massiccio costo in termini di vite umane, le malattie trasmesse dalle zanzare implicano anche ampi costi economici. Per un individuo infettato, quei costi includono le spese per le cure e l’ospedalizzazione, il trasporto da e per una struttura clinica od ospedaliera, l’assenza dal lavoro, e gli spray anti-insetti o le zanzariere da letto per proteggersi da una maggiore diffusione delle malattie tramite punture di zanzare.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/yDvXZNN/it;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now