malaria vaccine Steve Ringman/ZumaPress

Konec malárie?

WASHINGTON, DC – Pro muže a ženy na frontové linii v bitvě proti malárii jsou novinky o vývoji vakcíny proti parazitovi vzrušující událostí. V roce 2013 nemoc zapříčinila 584 tisíc úmrtí, téměř 90 % z nich v subsaharské Africe; zhruba 78 % obětí jsou děti ve věku do pěti let. V 97 zemích, kde je endemická, rozvrací malárie ekonomickou produktivitu těch, kdo si to mohou nejméně dovolit: chudých lidí s omezeným přístupem k léčbě a pomoci.

V červenci regulatorní agentura Evropské unie pro humánní léčiva schválila používání RTS,S – vakcíny známé též pod obchodním názvem Mosquirix – u dětí ve věku od šesti týdnů do 17 měsíců. Světová zdravotnická obec si je už dlouho vědoma významu vakcíny pro odstraňování břemene malárie a očekává se, že Světová zdravotnická organizace v listopadu učiní prohlášení ohledně používání vakcíny Mosquirix v zemích, kde je nemoc endemická, zhruba 30 mučivých let od doby, kdy na ní výzkumníci farmaceutické společnosti GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) začali pracovat.

Schválení vakcíny je významný krok správným směrem v prevenci a zvládání malárie. Je také svědectvím neutuchající síly sociální dobročinnosti, partnerství a mezinárodní spolupráce. Stále však zůstává řada otázek ohledně nasazení vakcíny – a jejího začlenění do zdravotnických soustav v některých nejchudších zemích světa.

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