Wind turbines in farmland

可再生能源和中东经济再生

菲兹(FEZ)—全球石油价格崩溃给中东和北非经济体带来了灾难。该地区许多曾目睹过此前价格暴跌的领导人可能会坐等价格回升。但这次崩溃不一样,政府无需要新的能源和发展战略。摩洛哥转型为地区可再生能源强国的努力为其他阿拉伯国家提供了现实的经济发展选择。

摩洛哥大规模投资于可再生能源项目已经有些时日;但直到现在,这些投资才陆续上线。也许最令人印象深刻的是坐落于瓦尔扎扎特(Ouarzazate)附近的巨大的Noor-1太阳能复合体。Noor-1于2月4日开张,它使用先进科技储存能源用于夜晚和多云的时候。

Noor-1被认为是世界上最大的太阳能发电站,据世界银行数据,预计能生产足够一百多万人使用的能源,剩余电力最终将出口至欧洲和非洲。摩洛哥能源供给97%左右需要进口,自身也不拥有石油或天然气储量,其政府将开发可再生能源视为确保摩洛哥经济持续发展的唯一道路。地区内其他国家应该效仿这一洞见。

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