Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi meets with Managing Director of the IMF Christine Lagarde Egyptian Presidency Press Office/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

经济学家应该做道德评判吗?

布达佩斯—最近我参加了一个布达佩斯中欧大学(Central European University)的劳动经济学博士研讨班。在班上,我们讨论了匈牙利政府的聚焦于长期失业的机制是否有效,我们给参加研讨班的博士候选人提出了一些技术性问题。

但在离开的时候,我感到心烦意乱,觉得专业经济学家(特别是西方经济学家)大概应该重新评估他们的研究工作所需要考虑的道德和经济环境。经济学家难道不应该扪心自问,对于假公济私、腐败或不民主政府等问题,哪怕严格意义上的技术建议,也必须在道德上站得住脚吗?

诚然,减少长期失业有助于缓和社会上的邪气,有望确保更有效地使用公共资源。但改善经济表现也可能巩固坏政府。这正是一系列国家的经济学家所面临的难题,包括中国、俄罗斯、土耳其、匈牙利、波兰等。没有理由认为西欧和北美“民主心脏地带”的经济学家未来不会面临类似的难题。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles from our archive every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Ro6IG6d/zh;

Handpicked to read next

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.