south korea new president Jung Yeon-je/AFP/Getty Images

Moons südkoreanische Ostpolitik

SEOUL – Moon Jae-in von der Demokratischen Partei Koreas wurde vor kurzem zum neuen Präsidenten Südkoreas gewählt. Dies ist das zweite Mal in der demokratischen Geschichte des Landes, dass die Macht von den Konservativen auf die Liberalen übergeht. Das Ganze begann unerwartet im letzten Oktober mit dem Ausbruch eines Korruptionsskandals, an dem die damalige Präsidentin Park Geun-hye beteiligt war. Dieser Skandal kulminierte Anfang dieses Jahres in einem Amtsenthebungsverfahren gegen Park und ihrer anschließenden Entfernung aus dem Amt. Parks Amtsenthebung war schmerzhaft, hat jedoch zugleich die Robustheit der südkoreanischen Demokratie unter Beweis gestellt.

Moon wird sein Amt in einer Zeit erhöhter Spannungen mit Nordkorea antreten. Um zu verstehen, welche Art von Politik er verfolgen wird, bedarf es der Vertrautheit mit dem liberalen außenpolitischen Denken in Südkorea seit der Präsidentschaft Kim Dae-jungs 1998-2003.

Kim hatte beobachtet, wie der Kalte Krieg in Europa friedlich zu Ende gegangen war, und er wollte die anhaltende Konfrontation seines eigenen Landes mit dem kommunistischen Norden zu einem ähnlich gewaltlosen Abschluss bringen. Daher verfolgte er einen direkten Dialog mit Nordkorea, und seine „Sonnenscheinpolitik“ wurde von seinem Nachfolger Roh Moo-hyun weiterverfolgt. Roh (unter dem ich als Außenminister diente) war vor seinem Tod 2009 ein politischer Mentor und enger Freund Moons.

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