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由于强劲的需求意味着产品和劳动力市场将有所回暖,人们寄望近期发达经济体的增长加速能带来通胀的回升。然而今年美国的核心通胀率已然下降,欧洲和日本仍在低位徘徊。这给那些试图逐步退出非常规货币政策的各大央行——以美联储和欧洲央行为首——陷入了两难境地:它们已经锁定了更高的增长,但却未能实现2% 年的年通货膨胀率目标。

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