Catching the Sun Alfonsina Blyde/Flickr

人才回流

迪拜 ——1968年,在英国蒙斯见习军官学校学习时,我去过一趟医院。出乎我意料的是,我遇到了一位医生,能讲一口流利的阿拉伯语。我了解到他才来英国,所以问他是打算回国还是留下。他用一句阿拉伯谚语回答了我的提问:“哪里能谋生,哪里就是我的家。”

那位医生的回答让我沉思了好久,因为它凸显了理想化的“家园”和迫使人才背井离乡的残酷现实之间的冲突。

这位医生是困扰发展中国家几十年的“人才外流”现象的经典案例。这些国家耗费稀缺资源教育医生、工程师和科学家,希望他们成为繁荣的推动力量。之后我们灰心丧气地看着他们移民西方,同时带走的还有国家的发展前途。

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