Mohamed A. El-Erian,  Mexico's  government, Enrique Peña Nieto implements structural-reform, could be a Global Model Martin D/Flickr

Průlomový okamžik pro Mexiko?

MEXICO CITY − Necelé dva roky po nástupu Enriqueho Peni Nieta do prezidentské funkce zavádí Mexiko do praxe ambiciózní balík strukturálních reforem, které mají vyzvednout ekonomiku země z mnoho desetiletí trvající pasti nízkého růstu a vytvořit nové příležitosti pro občany. Reformy zahrnují i restrukturalizaci ekonomických sektorů, které se kdysi pokládaly za politicky nedotknutelné, a podporují je úpravy mexické ústavy i smělá legislativní agenda.

Díky „Paktu pro Mexiko“ se velká část této agendy těší podpoře nejen kabinetu Peni Nieta, ale i dvou hlavních opozičních stran. Tato jedinečná situace brzy projde zatěžkávací zkouškou, jakmile reformy začnou bolet, a jejich výsledek by mohl mít významné a trvalé dopady na snahu zavádět strukturální reformy jinde ve světě.

Podobné reformy se nikdy nezahajují snadno a jejich dokončení bývá obtížné. Politici je prosazují, když jsou v opozici, ale jen málokdy se k nim hlásí a drží se jich, když jsou ve vládě. Důvod je jednoduchý: u strukturálních reforem se náklady projevují s předstihem a přínosy se zpožděním, takže jde o politicky nebezpečný podnik.

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