改变中的发展秩序

迪拜—千年发展目标(MDG)为世界建立了一个成功的克服贫困、健康、饥饿和教育等根本性社会问题的框架。随着人们开始讨论作为MDG(将于2015年到期)继任者的全球发展日程的范围和内涵,考虑私人部门的角色和反思国际社会对发展的总体看法是大有裨益的。

经济发展是实现可持续减贫的最佳方式——事实上,也是唯一方式。它可以带来良性循环。增长带来就业,就业降低贫困。

私人部门能起到关键作用。如今,私人部门资本流已经让传统公共部门援助相形见绌。比如,在2010年美国用于发展的总额为2000亿美元的资源中,有87%来自私人部门。相反,在20世纪60年代,官方海外发展援助占据流向发展中国资本流的70%。

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