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米特·罗姆尼的公平税负

纽约—米特·罗姆尼的所得税已成为美国总统竞选的一大话题。这究竟只是一出拙劣的政治把戏,还是真真正正的大问题?事实上,这却是是大问题,而且不仅对美国人是如此。

美国悬而未决的政治争论的一大主要议题是国家的角色和集体行动的必要。私人部门是现代经济的核心,但单靠它并不能确保成功。比如,2008年开始的金融危机就说明了充分监管的必要性。

此外,除了有效监管(包括确保为竞争提供平等舞台),现代经济的基础是技术创新,后者反过来要求政府资助的基础研究。这是一个我们都能从中获益的公共品的例子,但如果我们只依靠私人部门,那么这一公共品将是供给不足的(或者根本不存在供给)。

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